Shortly about Moldova
Located in the Eastern Europe, Moldova is a country with rich tourism potential, but still unknown. Bordered with Romania to the West and Ukraine to the North, South and East, this corner of earth deserves the status of a “corner of heaven”.
Moldova has a temperate climate. Due to the 4 seasons, the places and the architecture look different each time – the spring by the buds and flavors of flowers, the summer by the sweet rays of the sun and the charm of fruits, the autumn by the varicolored leaves and of course the flavor of grapes and the winter by the purity of snow. Each time the eye is charmed.
The stunning landscapes of Nistru, Prut and Răut rivers will take your breath away and will offer You the possibility to navigate them by boat or raft.
The originality and the unique flora and fauna have influenced the creation of nature, scientific and landscape reserves. The largest natural reservation is Pădurea Domnească (the Royal Forest) and the most original (hydrological) – The Lower Prut( Prutul de Jos).
The pride of Moldova are the natural landscapes, in some places they are virgin and enigmatic, the historic sites and fortifications which bear the breath of history and the victorious battles, are the wineries which compete with the French cellars, are the churches and the monasteries are the churches and the monasteries that became places of exile and healing of the soul. Another pride of Moldova is the spirit of hospitality that is difficult to meet in any other countries of the world.
Throughout the history the territory of Moldova (between 1812-1918 with the name of Bessarabia, a province of Czarist Russian Empire) was a bridge from Europe’s Eastern border to the West and the Balkans. After the Russo-Turkish war of 1812, the Christian population of Turkish origin from Romanian Dobrogea and the population from Zaporozhye (Ukraine) were proposed to settle in Bessarabia, over the centuries today in Bugeac’s steppe we find Gagauzia (Gagauz Eri with the center in Comrat). Since 1994 Gagauzia is an autonomous territorial unit.
After the Second World War, Moldova is incorporated in the Soviet Union (1944-1991) and since the interwar period to Moldova’s territory was added Transnistria (Transnistrian Moldovan Republic, the administrative center is Tiraspol). After the armed conflict in 1992, Transnistrian authorities declared independence and the Moldovan authorities have lost control over this portion from East.
However after the proclamation of the independence Moldova has regained the beautiful traditions and customs of the past and will charm You with its culture and delicious national cuisine.
|Population (on January 1. 2011) *||3.56 million inhabitants (excluding the population from the left bank of Nistru)|
|Population density*||117.5 inhabitants/km2 (excluding the population from the left bank of Nistru)|
|Capital||Chişinău / kishinəu /|
|Major cities (with population over 35 000 inhabitants)||Bălţi, Tiraspol, Cahul, Orhei, Soroca, Ungheni|
|State structure||unitary state|
|Form of government||Parliamentary Democratic Republic|
|Administrative-territorial division||37 districts (of which 4 in Transnistria), mun. Chişinău, mun.Bălţi, Gagauzia, Transnistria (with mun.Bender and Tiraspol)|
|Religion||Orthodox Christian (minorities: Catholics, Hebrews, Muslims, Baptists, etc.)|
|Declaration of Independence||1991|
|National Day||August 27 – Independence Day|
|Official holidays||January 1 – New Year|
January 7-8 – Christmas
March 8 – International Women’s Day
According to Orthodox calendar- Easter and Low Sunday celebration of Easter
May 1 – Labour Day
May 9 – Victory Day over Fascism
August 27 – Independence Day
August 31 – Language Day
|Other holidays||February 24 – Valentine’s Day|
March 1 – Mărţişor
June 1 – International Day of the child
first Saturday and Sunday in October – the feast of wine
In every village is celebrated the village feast (usually coincides with the celebration of a saint).
|State Language||Moldovan language (equivalent with Romanian language)|
|President||Nicolae Timofti (elect 16th of March 2012)|
|Currency||1 leu = 100 bani|
|Country Code||MD or MDL|
|Local Time||GMT +2|
|Highest point||Hill Bălăneşti (Nisporeni) – 429 m|
* Source: www.statistica.md